Imprinting And Early Exposure To Developed International Markets: The Case Of The New Multinationals

Working Papers

Previous research has analyzed the imprinting effect associated with the firm’s international expansion without considering the full range of differences between home and host countries. These differences are important because, depending on the development gap, and the direction of the difference, learning opportunities and the possibility of upgrading firm’s capabilities will be vastly different. Read More

Watershed Moments and Market Emergence: The Rise of the New Space Market

Working Papers

In this paper, we explore how an industry’s watershed moments – vivid, publically salient, emotionally resonant events – can drive the emergence of a new market. Our empirical context is the New Space market, a growing number of new, private companies developing and using spaceflight-access technologies. Read More

Capability-Enhancing Foreign Investments and Evolution of Corporate Scope in Software Services: Market Reactions and Implications for Competitive Advantage

Working Papers

How does the stock market react to competitive actions by firms and their rivals? In this study we empirically explore capability-seeking investments by firms from different strategic groups within an industry and examine their impact on rival firms in the competitive context of global software services.Read More

The Demand for One-to-One Customization on the Internet: Evidence from the Retail PC Hardware Industry

Working Papers

We study the demand for one-to-one customization in the computer hardware industry. Using household browsing, transaction, and demographic data from the comScore database, we uncover evidence that geographically isolated households that are technologically savvy are more likely to buy and customize computer hardware online. Read More

Information Technology, Organizational Delayering, and Firm Productivity: Evidence from Canadian Microdata

Working Papers

This proposal explores how information technology and innovation in digitization affect organizational structure. Similar to earlier wave of IT adoption that substituted certain routine tasks, we plan to use the Workplace and Employee Survey from Canada to show that this new wave digitization and IT investments can induce a structural change in organizational hierarchies that differ from prior technologies. Read More

Breakthrough Recognition: Competing for Attention

Working Papers

We introduce to the literature on the recognition and spread of ideas the perspective that articles compete for the attention of researchers who might build upon them, in addition to the “bias against novelty” view documented in prior research. We investigate these effects by analyzing more than 5.3 million research publications from 1970 to 1999 in the life sciences. Read More

Impact of Bilateral Rating Systems on Ride-Sharing Platforms

Working Papers

Bilateral rating systems impact pricing and capacity in two-sided markets. The bilateral rating mechanisms will enable customers to maintain and care for shared services, through reputational mechanisms, increasing social welfare. Read More

R&D Organization Structure, Intra-firm Inventor Networks, and Innovation

Working Papers

Prior studies have shown associations between organizational structure and innovation. However, most have been static and cross sectional, only showing variation across firms. This gap is problematic because it is not clear if firms can use structure as a lever to direct their research outcomes.Read More

The Dynamics of Resource Competition: Implications for Firm and Industry Components of Returns

Working Papers

How do ex ante similar firms develop heterogeneous resource positions that lead to persistent performance differences, even among direct competitors? The model in this paper shows that resource competition drives amplification of small differences in resource positions into large performance differences.Read More

Liberty in Law? Intellectual Property Rights and Global Alliance Networks

Working Papers

We explore how intellectual property rights (IPR), a type of formal institution, affect firms’ access to global alliance networks and their positioning within those networks. We employed a difference-in-difference design to assess the impact of IPR reforms across thirteen countries.Read More

IP Litigation Is Local, But Those Who Litigate Are Global

Working Papers

While there has been a growing literature on the globalization of R&D and intellectual property (IP) strategies, most of the extant studies are conducted at a specific location or a specific point in time. The three projects in this program aim to provide a holistic view of firms’ global R&D footprint.Read More

Welfare Effects of Physician-Industry Interactions: Evidence from Patent Expiration

Working Papers

Many transactions occur via expert advisors, especially in the healthcare sector, and as such, firms frequently implement strategies to influence these advisors. The efficiency of these interactions is an empirical question. Read More

Skilled Immigration and Firm-Level Innovation: The U.S. H-1B Lottery

Working Papers

The growth of the global technology industry drives the migration of skilled labor towards countries like the United States that can utilize it, but the U.S. limits the immigration of skilled workers that are employed domestically by U.S. firms. Proponents argue skilled immigration allows firms to access technical skills that unavailable domestically and promote innovation, but there is little evidence of whether this firm-level effect exists.Read More

Two Sides of the Same Coin: Family Firms and the Performance of Acquisitions and Divestitures

Working Papers

In this project, I seek to compare how effectively family firms undertake and implement acquisitions and divestitures relative to their non-family counterparts. While family firms are less likely than non-family firms to undertake divestitures, the stock market returns earned by the family firms that undertake these deals exceed those of non-family firms.Read More

Startup Innovation and Corporate Venture Capital

Working Papers

Entrepreneurs are increasingly turning to established firms for venture capital, but research on how this affects their development is lacking. I argue that these relationships are particularly valuable to entrepreneurs in helping them drive their technological discoveries into development. Read More

When Time Away Sparks Time at Work: Time-Off as a Source of Competitive Advantage for Innovation

Working Papers

The management view of human capital as a source of sustained competitive advantage
has driven research on how strategic human resource practices affect organizational performance. This paper focuses on how a firm’s time-off policy can be a source of competitive advantage in entrepreneurial settings, particularly for innovation.Read More

Closer Workers, More Productive Workers? 

Working Papers

A worker’s commuting distance to the workplace may have implications for her productivity through channels such as costly travel time and reduced knowledge spillovers, and these costs may drive observed agglomerative spatial patterns previously identi fied in the literature.Read More

When do Firms Go Green? Comparing Price Incentives with Command and Control Regulations in India

Working Papers

India has a multitude of environmental regulations but a history of poor enforcement. Between 1996 and 2004, India’s Supreme Court required 17 cities to enact action plans to reduce air pollution through a variety of command-and-control (CAC) environmental regulations.Read More

Change Agents Working Across Multiple Networks: Role Divergence and Microfinance Participation Among Women in 43 Indian Villages

Working Papers

Microfinance is an important method of lending to female micro-entrepreneurs in developing countries. This method leverages social influence in networks to promote program participation through central change agents in the community. Existing networks literature would suggest that central change agents should be more effective at promoting participation. Read More