Economics of Leveraged Buyouts: Theory and Evidence from the UK Private Equity Industry

Working Papers

Empirical analysis of a sample of companies with private equity (PE) ownership in the UK shows that PE firms act as deep-pocket investors for their portfolio companies, rescuing them if they fall in financial distress.Read More

Initial Coin Offerings, Speculators, and Asset Tokenization

Working Papers

Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) are an emerging form of fundraising for Blockchain-based startups. We propose a simple model of matching supply with demand with ICOs by companies involved in production of physical products.Read More

Physician-Industry Interactions: Persuasion and Welfare

Working Papers

In markets where consumers seek expert advice regarding purchases, firms seek to influence experts, raising concerns about biased advice. We combine a model of supply and demand with a local instrumental variables strategy based on regional spillovers from academic medical center conflict-of-interest policies. Read More

(How) Do Risky Perks Benefit Firms? The Case of Unlimited Vacation

Working Papers

This paper addresses the recent trend of offering unlimited vacation to employees. While potentially useful for acquiring human capital benefits, unlimited vacation is a risky perk for firms due to the possibility of abuse.Read More

Commuting and Innovation: Are Closer Inventors More Productive?

Working Papers

Commuting is costly for employees, but is it costly for employers in terms of lost productivity? We study the causal effects of commuting distance on inventor productivity. Specifically, we estimate how inventor productivity changes when their employer relocates.Read More

When the Wind of Change Blows, Build Batteries? Optimal Renewable Generation and Energy Storage Investments

Working Papers

Renewables have become the cheapest energy sources in most of the world but their generation remains variable and difficult to predict. However, recent technology advances have rendered large-scale electricity storage economically viable, thus mitigating the renewable intermittency issue and enabling combinations of e.g. wind and batteries to replace fossil fuel power plants.Read More

Predation and Self-Defense: Feedback and Contagion through Distressed Competition

Working Papers

Firms tend to compete on prices more aggressively when they are in financial distress; the intensified competition in turn reduces firms’ profit margins, pushing them further into distress. Competitors’ aggressive pricing reactions could be attributed to both predatory and self-defensive incentives.Read More

Star Developers and Open Source Software

Working Papers

The idea that source code for computer software be accessible to anyone has gained increasing popularity among software developers, fueling the rapid growth of the open source software (OSS) movement. Platforms for OSS development currently host incredibly valuable projects like the Linux kernel, TensorFlow and various blockchain software projects.Read More

Personal Wealth and Self-Employment

Working Papers

We examine how wealth windfalls affect self-employment decisions using data on cash payments from claims on Texas shale drilling to people throughout the United States. Individuals who receive large wealth shocks (greater than $50,000) have 51% higher self-employment rates.Read More

Artificial Intelligence and Drug Innovation: A Large Scale Examination of the Pharmaceutical Industry

Working Papers

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is playing an increasingly important role in the global economy and has transformed many business practices. As AI has advanced beyond the conventionally narrow domains, it is starting to exhibit characteristics of “general purpose technologies (GPT)” that are expected to change the nature of more business innovations and reduce their associated financial costs and time.Read More

Intellectual Property Rights, Professional Business Services and Top Wage Inequality

Working Papers

High skill labor demand is infrequent but firms cannot adjust perfectly due to several adjustment costs. Professional Business Services (PBS) sector help alleviate this problem by allowing high skill labor to move across firms, reducing idiosyncratic part of labor demand risk.Read More

Organizational Change and the Dynamics of Innovation: Formal R&D Structure and Intrafirm Inventor Networks

Published Research

Prior research has argued and shown that firms with centralized R&D produce broader innovations relative to decentralized firms, but the organizational mechanisms underlying this relationship are underexplored. This gap limits our understanding of whether and how formal R&D structure can be used as a lever to influence research outcomes.Read More

Alliance-Network Externalities and Firm Innovation: Separating Endogenous from Exogenous Network Effects

Working Papers

We investigate whether the effect of network position on innovation is causal or spurious. Although empirical evidence demonstrates that certain structural positions in alliance networks (e.g. structural holes) affect firm innovation, it is hard to disentangle the factors allowing a firm to put itself in a certain position from the innovation outcomes that stem from being in that position.Read More

Do Ratings Cut Both Ways? Impact of Bilateral Ratings on Platforms

Working Papers

Traditional online platforms (e.g., Amazon Marketplace) use Unilateral Rating System (URS), where customers rate sellers. However, sharing economy platforms (e.g., Uber, Airbnb) have adopted Bilateral Rating System (BRS) that also allows service providers to rate customers, and even selects customers based on their ratings.Read More

Implications of Paycheck Variation on Retention

Working Papers

Uber. Upwork. TaskRabbit. The world of work is transforming and my research agenda attempts to identify and explain 1) how work is changing and 2) how these changes affect workers, especially those who are marginalized or vulnerable.Read More

Returns to Political Contribution in Housing Markets

Working Papers

Are there returns to political contribution? This paper investigates whether political donation influences regulation in the market for one of the largest asset classes in the U.S.—real estate. Using new data on local campaign donors linked to sellers of new construction in Corelogic, a regression discontinuity design tests whether political contribution purchases regulatory outcomes.Read More

Risk Sharing Agreements for New Medical Treatments

Working Papers

The clinical-trial data used to make approval decisions for medical therapies are collected from a relatively small patient sub-populations. Given small sample sizes, trial data may suggest that treatments are medically or economically nonviable, even though they ultimately may be, or vice versa. Read More

Data Analytics, Innovation, and Firm Productivity

Published Research

This study focuses on how data analytics talent in firms can have an effect on firms’ return on their technology investment. Especially with the rise of social media, cloud computing, as well as many other technologies that can capture detailed digital trace about various human interactions, we hope to understand how some firms can capture the value of the data and gain competitive advantage while some could not.Read More

Data Analytics Supports Decentralized Innovation

Published Research

Data-analytics technology can accelerate the innovation process by enabling existing knowledge to be identified, accessed, combined, and deployed to address new problem domains.Read More