Modeling the Diffusion of Complex Innovations as a Process of Opinion Formation through Social Networks

Published Research

Complex innovations – ideas, practices, and technologies that hold uncertain benefits for potential adopters — often vary in their ability to diffuse in different communities over time. To explain why, I develop a model of innovation adoption in which agents engage in naïve (DeGroot) learning about the value of an innovation within their social networks.Read More

Imprinting And Early Exposure To Developed International Markets: The Case Of The New Multinationals

Working Papers

Previous research has analyzed the imprinting effect associated with the firm’s international expansion without considering the full range of differences between home and host countries. These differences are important because, depending on the development gap, and the direction of the difference, learning opportunities and the possibility of upgrading firm’s capabilities will be vastly different. Read More

Scope versus Speed: Team Diversity, Leader Experience, and Patenting Outcomes for Firms

Published Research

How does the organization of patenting activity affect a firm’s patenting outcomes? We investigate how the composition of patenting teams relates to both the scope of their patent applications and the speed with which their patents are approved. Read More

Offline Showrooms in Omni-channel Retail: Demand and Operational Benefits

Published Research

Omni-channel environments where customers can shop online and offline at the same retailer are increasingly ubiquitous. Furthermore, the presence of both channels has important implications for customer demand and operational issues such as product returns.Read More

Information Technology, Organizational Delayering, and Firm Productivity: Evidence from Canadian Microdata

Working Papers

This proposal explores how information technology and innovation in digitization affect organizational structure. Similar to earlier wave of IT adoption that substituted certain routine tasks, we plan to use the Workplace and Employee Survey from Canada to show that this new wave digitization and IT investments can induce a structural change in organizational hierarchies that differ from prior technologies. Read More

Liberty in Law? Intellectual Property Rights and Global Alliance Networks

Working Papers

We explore how intellectual property rights (IPR), a type of formal institution, affect firms’ access to global alliance networks and their positioning within those networks. We employed a difference-in-difference design to assess the impact of IPR reforms across thirteen countries.Read More

IP Litigation Is Local, But Those Who Litigate Are Global

Working Papers

While there has been a growing literature on the globalization of R&D and intellectual property (IP) strategies, most of the extant studies are conducted at a specific location or a specific point in time. The three projects in this program aim to provide a holistic view of firms’ global R&D footprint.Read More

Skilled Immigration and Firm-Level Innovation: The U.S. H-1B Lottery

Working Papers

The growth of the global technology industry drives the migration of skilled labor towards countries like the United States that can utilize it, but the U.S. limits the immigration of skilled workers that are employed domestically by U.S. firms. Proponents argue skilled immigration allows firms to access technical skills that unavailable domestically and promote innovation, but there is little evidence of whether this firm-level effect exists.Read More

Two Sides of the Same Coin: Family Firms and the Performance of Acquisitions and Divestitures

Working Papers

In this project, I seek to compare how effectively family firms undertake and implement acquisitions and divestitures relative to their non-family counterparts. While family firms are less likely than non-family firms to undertake divestitures, the stock market returns earned by the family firms that undertake these deals exceed those of non-family firms.Read More

The Impact of e-Visits on Visit Frequencies and Patient Health: Evidence from Primary Care

Published Research

Secure messaging, or “e-visits,” between patients and providers has sharply increased in recent years, and many hope they will help improve healthcare quality, while increasing provider capacity. Using a panel data set from a large healthcare system in the United States, we find that e-visits trigger about 6% more office visits, with mixed results on phone visits and patient health.Read More

Change Agents Working Across Multiple Networks: Role Divergence and Microfinance Participation Among Women in 43 Indian Villages

Working Papers

Microfinance is an important method of lending to female micro-entrepreneurs in developing countries. This method leverages social influence in networks to promote program participation through central change agents in the community. Existing networks literature would suggest that central change agents should be more effective at promoting participation. Read More

Multiplex Ties and the Diffusion of Complex Innovations: Evidence from a Microfinance Intervention

Working Papers

The networks literature examining the diffusion of complex innovations by social contagion has focused on the benefits of “multiplex” (or “wide”) ties in these processes. Multiplex ties span different types of networks to create inter-connectivity across subgraphs within a community. Read More

Networks and Innovation: Accounting for Structural and Institutional Sources of Recombination in Brokerage Triads

Published Research

RResearch linking interorganizational networks to innovation has focused on spanning structural boundaries as a means of knowledge recombination. Increasingly, firms also partner across institutional boundaries (countries, industries, technologies) in their search for new knowledge.Read More

What About Those Left Behind? Understanding the Impact of Colleague Exit and Career Interdependence among Collaborative Workers

Working Papers

Collaboration between individuals is critical to innovation and knowledge creation. Within an organizational context, however, collaborative relationships can be subject to an abrupt end should a collaborator exit the organization. Read More

Inequality Aversion When the Reward is Scarce: The Case of Salary vs. Equity Compensation

Working Papers

Do workers have different equality preferences depending on the type of payoff? In many firms, the distribution of equity compensation is more equal than the distribution of salary. We design an experimental group production game to examine how workers respond to combinations of different distributions of equity and salary.Read More

The Effects of Pay Dispersion and Demographic Similarity on Employee Turnover

Working Papers

Scholars have long recognized that individuals compare their rewards to those received by similar others and that satisfaction is determined, in part, by perceptions of (un)fairness that arise from these comparisons. Extensive research has also found that individuals frequently select others as pay referents who share the same race and the same gender, suggesting that demographic similarity strongly affects equity perceptions. Read More

Formal Interdependence and the Reproduction of Informal Relations in Organizations

Working Papers

The literature on the evolution of informal ties assigns a major role to formal organizational foci in tie creation. Once ties emerge, their persistence is usually explained by informal endogenous mechanisms such as the choice to collaborate or socialize. Read More

Confrontation or Collaboration: The Role of Social Movements in Innovation Outcomes

Funded Research Proposal

The past decade has witnessed an explosion in research at the intersection of markets and social movements, with an increasing acknowledgment of social movements as key drivers of change in organizations and markets. Social movements create new products and markets, change practices in existing organizations, and can have profound impacts on the commercialization of innovation. Read More