Experimentation and Appropriability in Early-Stage Ventures: Evidence from the U.S. Software Industry

Working Papers

This study examines the tension between learning and appropriability in the experimentation process of early-stage ventures. I build a stylized model to argue that, when formal intellectual property is weak, the learning benefit of experimentation may be offset by its imitation risk. Read More

Innovation Strategy after IPO: How Data Analytics Mitigates the IPO Penalty on Innovation

Working Papers

This proposal explores how the new generation of information technologies (IT) including AI, automation and data analytics, affect how firms innovate. In particular, we focus on the effect of innovation after a firm went through an IPO. Read More

Do Ratings Cut Both Ways? Impact of Bilateral Ratings on Platforms

Working Papers

Bilateral rating systems impact pricing and capacity in two-sided markets. The bilateral rating mechanisms will enable customers to maintain and care for shared services, through reputational mechanisms, increasing social welfare. Read More

Situating the Construct of Lean Start-Up: Adjacent Conversations and Possible Future Directions

Published Research

The lean start-up approach has garnered tremendous amount of interest in recent years and has become mainstream among entrepreneurs. However, this practitioners’ conversation has been largely decoupled from the broader academic literature in management and technology strategy. Read More

Unlocking Value from Startups’ Ties to Established Firms: The Role of the Entrepreneurs’ Background

Working Papers

Evidence on whether startups benefit from corporate venture capital investment is equivocal. Research suggests that the principal impediment to value creation in these relationships for startups is the complexity of the larger organization – the varying incentive structures, layers of bureaucracy and convoluted decision-making processes that limit their access to valuable resources. Read More

Organizational Change and the Dynamics of Innovation: Formal R&D Structure and Intrafirm Inventor Networks

Working Papers

Prior studies have shown associations between organizational structure and innovation. However, most have been static and cross sectional, only showing variation across firms. This gap is problematic because it is not clear if firms can use structure as a lever to direct their research outcomes.Read More

Pursuing the New While Sustaining the Current: Incumbent Strategies and Firm Value During the Nascent Period of Industry Change

Published Research

This study considers the nascent period of industry change when the prevalent business model is being threatened by a new model, but there is significant uncertainty with respect to whether and when the new model will dominate. Read More

Needless Distraction or Font of Knowledge: Understanding the Relationship between Divestitures and Innovation

Working Papers

Few studies have examined the impact of divestitures on the innovation performance of firms. In particular, little attention has been paid into how the divestiture of firms’ non-core businesses could influence the innovation outcomes of their core businesses. Read More

Why Do Firms Offer Dicey Perks? The Case of Unlimited Vacation

Working Papers

The use of employee perks is becoming increasingly important to organizational competitiveness. Consequently, innovating along the human resource dimension has become a strategy imperative for many firms. Typically, firms introduce perks that are complementary to work. However, another set of perks that makes it easier for people to leave the workplace has gain more popularity over time. Read More

Man vs. the Machine: How Automation can Reduce Team Productivity

Working Papers

In this study we are concerned with the rational reasons for why in human-machine systems, the productivity of the man can be lower compared to the productivity of the man in the human-human systems. We explain the observation by the distortion of incentives which is required to motivate the remaining men in workplace. Read More

Pipes or Shackles? How Ties to Incumbents Shape Startup Innovation

Working Papers

Startups are increasingly turning to the incumbent firms in their industries for venture capital. However, there remain significant gaps in our understanding of how these relationships influence the way they innovate. Read More

Regulating Innovation with Uncertain Quality: Information, Risk, and Access in Medical Devices

Working Papers

We study the impact of regulating product entry and quality information requirements on an oligopoly equilibrium and consumer welfare. Product testing can reduce consumer uncertainty, but also increase entry costs and delay entry. Read More

Risk Factors That Matter: Textual Analysis of Risk Disclosures for the Cross-Section of Returns

Working Papers

Using unsupervised machine learning, I introduce interpretable and economically relevant risk factors that characterize the cross-section of returns better than the leading factor models, furthermore, I do not use any information from the past returns to select the risk factors. Read More

The Entrepreneurial Commercialization of Science: Evidence from “Twin” Discoveries

Working Papers

When are scientific advances translated into commercial products via startup formation? Although prior literature has offered several categories of answers, the commercial potential of a scientific advance is generally unobserved and potentially confounding. Read More

IT Innovation and Job Design

Working Papers

The proposed study analyzes a data set of over eighty million online job listings from the years 2010 to 2016 (about 1 to 2 million each month). The data include job titles, locations (MSA), industry (NAICS), employer names — and most importantly for this analysis — detail on the specific skills required for a job. Read More

Grow Faster by Changing Your Innovation Narrative

Published Research

Managers have no shortage of advice on how to achieve organic sales growth through innovation. Prescriptions range from emulating the best practices of innovative companies like Amazon, Starbucks, and 3M to adopting popular concepts such as design thinking, lean startup principles, innovation boot camps, and co-creation with customers. Read More

Investment as an Influencing Strategy

Working Papers

Institutional environments are often considered exogenous in firms’ investment decisions. While the non-market strategy literature has discussed various approaches that firms may adopt to influence their interactions with institutions, such discussion is mostly absent in the analysis of market strategies. Read More

Becoming a Corporate Entrepreneur: Individual Specialization, Group Functional Diversity, and Corporate Venturing Within Firms

Working Papers

Many large firms try to encourage entrepreneurial initiatives by their employees, but the question of which employees undertake such initiatives has not been explored. In this study, we argue that the formal division of labor within a firm affects employees’ likelihood of engaging in internal corporate venturing. Read More