How Do Restrictions on High-Skilled Immigration Affect Offshoring? Evidence from the H-1B Program

Skilled immigration restrictions may have secondary consequences that have been largely overlooked in the immigration debate: multinational firms faced with visa constraints have an offshoring option, namely, hiring the labor they need at their foreign affiliates.Read More

Algorithmic Literacy in the Labor Market

Working Papers

Using data on employer job search, this study demonstrates that employers are seeking algorithmic literacy from workers in a particularly broad class of occupations because familiarity with algorithms in downstream “using” occupations is important for integrating AI and data science into production. Read More

Entrepreneur’s Knowledge, Firm Survival, and the Normalized Burn Rate

Working Papers

We study the association of spending per employee with startup firm survival. Our theory model posits that entrepreneur’s knowledge defines the complex decision process of combining human and non-human inputs to increase firm value. Read More

Data Analytics Supports Decentralized Innovation

Published Research

Data-analytics technology can accelerate the innovation process by enabling existing knowledge to be identified, accessed, combined, and deployed to address new problem domains.Read More

The Employment Consequences of Robots: Firm-Level Evidence

Working Papers

As a new general-purpose technology, robots have the potential to radically transform industries and affect employment. Preliminary empirical studies using industry and geographic region-level data have shown that robots differ from prior general-purpose technologies and predict substantial negative effects on employment.Read More

When Time-Off Sparks Time-At-Work: Time-Off as a Source of Competitive Advantage for Innovation

Working Papers

The management view of human capital as a source of sustained competitive advantage
has driven research on how strategic human resource practices affect organizational performance. This paper focuses on how a firm’s time-off policy can be a source of competitive advantage in entrepreneurial settings, particularly for innovation.Read More

Bias-aware AI for Human Capital Management: An Innovative Approach for Algorithmic Job Screening

Funded Research Proposal

A well-known maxim in management is that “your people are your greatest asset”. Recruitment strategies in particular have been linked to firms’ innovative capacity, emphasizing the importance of maintaining competitive advantages in HR as a key goal of effective innovation management. Read More

Strategy, Human Capital Investments, Business-Domain Capabilities, and Performance: A Study in the Global Software Services Industry

Published Research

In knowledge-based industries, continuous human-capital investments are essential for firms to enhance capabilities and sustain competitive advantage. However, such investments present a dilemma for firms, because human resources are mobile.Read More

Can Employee Training Lead to Higher Profits?

Does intensive internal training of employees lead to higher profits? In knowledge-based industries where the main asset is skilled professionals such as software engineers, the answer is yes, according to Senior Fellow Joydeep Chatterjee. But not all training yields equal benefits.Read More