Gerald McDermott, University of South Carolina, and Rafael Corredoira, Ohio State University
Abstract: What types of relational and institutional mechanisms shape knowledge flows and the upgrading capabilities of emerging-market firms in the face of economic liberalization? We analyze the Argentine autoparts sector to distinguish the relative impact of different types of network relationships on a firm’s process and product upgrading. A few social ties to international assemblers appear to be most beneficial for local suppliers, although they may be insufficient to compensate fully for the negative effect of being located in a lower tier. Supplier-customer relationships that are part of regular, disciplined discussions for product and process improvements appear to be especially beneficial for upgrading.